|Ruling Party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Opposition Party||Samajwadi Party|
|Chief Minister||Yogi Adityanath|
|Chief Electoral Officer||T. Venkatesh|
|Address||Chief Electoral Officer Principal Secretary Election Department,Uttar Pradesh, IV Floor Vikas Bhawan,Janpath Market,Hazratgani,Lucknow - 226001|
The Indian National Congress has dominated the state's politics since independence. In the late nineties the rise of regional parties such as Samajwadi Party (SP) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) has challenged the traditional political base of the INC in the state. The BSP came to power in the state 2007 with an absolute majority. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is also a major party in the state. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections the INC won 21 seats while the BSP won 20 and the SP won 23 seats. The BJP won 10 seats.
Some recent prominent politicians of the state are the former Chief Minister of the state, Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav of the SP , who has also served as the Defense Minister of the country and Shri Kanshi Ram , the founder of the Bahujan Samaj party. Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee, the 10th Prime Minister of India represented Lucknow, the capital of UP, in the Lok sabha Smt Sonia Gandhi, Shri Rahul Gandhi, , Dr Murali Manohar Joshi (BJP), Smt Menaka Gandhi are all Lok Sabha MPs from the state.
The state is one of the few in the country which has a bicameral legislature with two houses -the lower and the upper. The lower house is the Vidhan Sabha or the State Legislative Assembly and the Upper house is called the Vidhan Parishad or the Legislative council. The Vidhan Sabha had 431 members till 1967, but now the Vidhan Sabha consists of 403 directly elected members and one nominated member from the Anglo-Indian community. The Vidhan Parishad has 100 members.
Uttar Pradesh has 80 parliamentary constituencies out of which 17 are reserved for a candidate belonging to scheduled caste. The state has 403 legislative assembly constituencies out of which 85 are reserved for a candidate belonging to scheduled caste.
The last Vidhan Sabha election was held in March 2012. The poll was held in seven phases. The total number of political parties- national, state and registered (unrecognized)- which participated in the Vidhan Sabha election was 222. The number of contestants in the fray was 6839. The number of electors was 127492836. The number of electors who voted was 75725793, which was 59.40% or the total number of electors. The Bahujan samaj party won 80 seats, the BJP won 47 seats, the Nationalist Congress Party won 1 seat, the INC won 28, Rashtriya Lok Dal won 9 seats, and the Samajwadi Party won 224 seats. Samajwadi party formed the government with Shri Akhilesh Yadav as the Chief Minister. The Speaker of the state legislative assembly is Shri Mata Prasad Pandey. The Leader of the Opposition is Shri Swami Prasad Maurya of the Bahujan Samaj Party.