Communist Party of India




Abbreviation CPI
Secretary-GeneralS. Sudhakar Reddy
Lok Sabha leader C. N. Jayadevan
Rajya Sabha leaderD. Raja
Founded26 December 1925;
92 years ago
HeadquartersIndrajit Gupta Marg,
New Delhi, India-110002
NewspaperNew Age (English)
Mukti Sangharsh (Hindi)
Student wingAll India Students Federation
Youth wingAll India Youth
Federation
Women's wingNational Federation
of Indian Women
Labour wingAll India Trade Union
Congress and Bharatiya
Khet Mazdoor Union
Peasant's wingAll India Kisan
Sabha (Ajoy Bhavan)
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism–Leninism
Political positionLeft-wing to
Far-left
International affiliationInternational Meeting of
Communist and Workers' Parties
ColoursRed
ECI StatusNational Party
AllianceLeft Front (West Bengal),
Left Front (Tripura),
Left Democratic Front (Kerala)
National convenerS. Sudhakar Reddy
Seats in Lok Sabha1 / 545
](currently 539 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha1 / 245
Seats in 19 / 140
(Kerala Legislative Assembly (2016))
1 / 294
(West Bengal Legislative Assembly 2016)

S. Sudhakar Reddy

Secretary-General
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C. N. Jayadevan

Lok Sabha Leader
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D. Raja

Rajya Sabha Leader
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The All India Trinamool Congress (abbreviated AITC, TMC or The Communist Party of India (CPI) (Bhāratīya Kamyunisṭ Pārṭī) is a communist party in India. There are different views on exactly when it was founded. The date maintained as the foundation day by the CPI is 26 December 1925.The Communist Party of India (Marxist), which separated from the CPI, believes it was founded in 1920.

Lok Sabha Election Tally

Performance of Communist Party of India in Lok Sabha elections

Lok Sabha Year Lok Sabha
constituencies
Seats
Contested
Won Net Change
in seats
Votes Votes % Change in
vote %
First 1952 489 49 16 - 34,87,401 3.29% -
Second 1957 494 109 27 11 1,07,54,075 8.92% 5.63%
Third 1962 494 137 29 02 1,14,50,037 9.94% 1.02%
Fourth 1967 520 109 23 06 74,58,396 5.11% 4.83%
Fifth 1971 518 87 23 00 69,33,627 4.73% 0.38%
Sixth 1977 542 91 7 16 53,22,088 2.82% 1.91%
Seventh 1980 529 ( 542* ) 47 10 03 49,27,342 2.49% 0.33%
Eighth 1984 541 66 6 04 67,33,117 2.70% 0.21%
Ninth 1989 529 50 12 06 77,34,697 2.57% 0.13%
Tenth 1991 534 43 14 02 68,98,340 2.48% 0.09%
Eleventh 1996 543 43 12 02 65,82,263 1.97% 0.51%
Twelfth 1998 543 58 09 03 64,29,569 1.75% 0.22%
Thirteenth 1999 543 54 04 05 53,95,119 1.48% 0.27%
Fourteenth 2004 543 34 10 06 54,84,111 1.41% 0.07%
Fifteenth 2009 543 56 04 06 59,51,888 1.43% 0.02%
Sixteenth 2014 543 67 01 03 43,27,298 0.78% 0.65%

* : 12 seats in Assam and 1 in Meghalaya did not vote.

State No. of candidates 2014 No. of elected 2014 No. of candidates 2009 No. of elected 2009 Total no. of seats in the state
Andhra Pradesh 1 0 2 0 (25)(2014)/42(2009)
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 2
Assam 1 0 3 0 14
Bihar 2 0 7 0 40
Chhattisgarh 2 0 1 0 11
Goa 2 0 2 0 2
Gujarat 1 0 1 0 26
Haryana 2 0 1 0 10
Himachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 4
Jammu and Kashmir 0 0 1 0 6
Jharkhand 3 0 3 0 14
Karnataka 3 0 1 0 28
Kerala 4 1 4 0 20
Madhya Pradesh 5 0 3 0 29
Maharashtra 4 0 3 0 48
Manipur 1 0 1 0 2
Meghalaya 1 0 1 0 2
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 1
Nagaland 0 0 0 0 1
Odisha 4 0 1 1 21
Punjab 5 0 2 0 13
Rajasthan 3 0 2 0 25
Sikkim 0 0 0 0 1
Tamil Nadu 8 0 3 1 39
Tripura 0 0 0 0 2
Uttar Pradesh 8 0 9 0 80
Uttarakhand 1 0 1 0 5
West Bengal 3 0 3 2 42
Union Territories:
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0 0 0 0 1
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 1
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 1
Daman and Diu 0 0 0 0 1
Delhi 1 0 1 0 7
Lakshadweep 1 0 0 0 1
Puducherry 1 0 0 0 1
Total: 67 1 56 4 543

State Election Results

State No. of candidates No. elected Total no. of seats in Assembly Year of Election
Andhra Pradesh 38 1 294 2014
Assam 15 0 126 2016
Bihar 98 0 243 2015
Chhattisgarh 13 0 90 2013
Delhi 5 0 70 2015
Goa 2 0 40 2017
Gujarat 3 0 182 2012
Haryana 14 0 90 2014
Himachal Pradesh 6 0 68 2012
Jammu and Kashmir 3 0 87 2014
Jharkhand 24 0 81 2014
Karnataka 8 0 224 2013
Kerala 25 19 140 2016
Madhya Pradesh 23 0 230 2013
Maharashtra 33 0 288 2014
Manipur 6 0 60 2017
Meghalaya 1 0 60 2013
Mizoram 0 0 40 2013
Odisha 32 0 147 2014
Puducherry 7 0 30 2016
Punjab 23 0 117 2017
Rajasthan 23 0 200 2013
Tamil Nadu 25 0 234 2016
Tripura 1 0 60 2018
Uttar Pradesh 68 0 403 2017
Uttarakhand 4 0 70 2017
West Bengal 11 1 294 2016

Results from the Election Commission of India website. Results do not deal with partitions of states (Bihar was bifurcated after the 2000 election, creating Jharkhand), defections and by-elections during the mandate period.

Party Congress

Party Congress Year Place
1 1943 May 28 June 1 Bombay
2 1948 Feb 28 March 27 Culcutta
3 1953 December 27 January 4 Madhura
4 1956 April 19 to 29 Palakkad
5 1958 April 6 to 13 Amritsar
6 1961 April 7 to 16 Vijayawada
7 1964 Dec 13-23 Bombay
8 1968 February 7–15 Patna
9 1971 Oct Kochin
10 1975 Jan 27 - Feb 2 Vijayawada
11 1978 March 31-April 7 Battinda
12 1982 March 22 to 28 Varanasi
13 1986 March 2 to 17 Patna
14 1989 March 6–12 Culcutta
15 1992 April 10 to 16 Hyderabad
16 1995 October Delhi
17 1998 Sept 14-19 Chennai
18 2002 March 26 to 31 Thiruvananthapuram
19 2005 March 29 0 April 3 Chandigarh
20 2008 March 23–27 Hyderabad
21 2012 March 27–31 Patna
22 2015 March 25–29 Pondicherry
23 2018 April Kollam