|Full Name||Mamta Banerjee|
Mamata Banerjee also known as Didi, born 5 January 1955) is a poet,painter,miscellanist and an Indian politician who has been the 8th Chief Minister of West Bengal since 2011. She is the first woman to hold the office. She founded the party All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC or TMC) in 1997 after separating from the Indian National Congress, and became its chairperson.She is often referred to as Didi (meaning: elder sister in Hindi and Bengali).
Banerjee previously twice served as the Minister of Railways, the first woman to do so.She is also the first female Minister of Coal, and Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Youth Affairs, Sports, Women and Child Development in the cabinet of the Indian government.She rose to prominence after opposing the erstwhile land acquisition policies for industrialisation of the Communist government in West Bengal for Special Economic Zones at the cost of agriculturalists and farmers at Singur.In 2011 Banerjee pulled off a landslide victory for the TMC Congress alliance in West Bengal, defeating the 34-year-old Communist Party of India (Marxist)-led Left Front government, the world's longest-serving democratically elected communist government in the process.
In 2012, Time magazine named her one of the 100 Most Influential People in the World.Bloomberg Markets magazine listed her among the 50 most influential people in the world of finance in September 2012.
Mamata Banerjee was born on 5 January 1955 in Kolkata (erstwhile Calcutta), West Bengal, to a lower-middle-class Bengali family. Her father was Promileswar Banerjee and her mother was Smt. Gayatri Devi. She lost her father at the age of nine. She graduated in history from Jogomaya Devi College in Kolkata and also earned a master’s in Islamic History from Calcutta University. Banerjee has a degree in Education from Kolkata’s Shri Shikshayatan College and a law degree from Kolkata’s Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College. She is not married. Her artistic passion unfolds in self-taught painting and poetry. Her favourite pastimes include reading, writing and listening to music.
Mamata Banerjee’s entry into politics was at a young age when she was still in school. She joined the Congress (I) Party in the state and served in different posts both within the party and other political groups. Her rise up the political ladder in the 1970s was quick and she was made the Mahila Congress General Secretary from 1976 to 1980.
Mamata Banerjee successfully formed a new party after separating from the Congress in 1997. The new party, All India Trinamool Congress, subsequently, became the primary opposition party in West Bengal led by the CPI(M).
In 2002, after becoming the Railway Minister, she introduced new trains, made extension of a few express train services, increased frequency of some trains aimed at developing tourism and also proposed the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation.
She actively protested on 20 October 2005 against forcible land acquisition of farmers and agriculturists for industrialization in West Bengal by the then Left Front government led by Buddhadev Bhattacharya.
She introduced several non-stop Duronto Express trains that connected major cities, other passenger trains and ladies-special trains during her second term as Railway Minister, from 31 May 2009 to 19 July 2011.
The alliance of All India Trinamool Congress, the Indian National Congress and SUCI won 227 seats (TMC -184, INC – 42, SUCI – 1) in the 2011 Legislative Assembly Elections of West Bengal, resulting in a washout of the Left Front.
On 20 May 2011, she became the first woman Chief Minister of West Bengal marking the end of the 34-year-long Left Front government.