|Full Name||Kalyan Singh|
Kalyan Singh (born 5 January 1932) is the current Governor of Rajasthan since 4 September 2014. He took additional charge of Himachal Pradesh replacing Urmila Singh, whose five-year term ended on 24 January 2015. Prior to that, he was an Indian politician of the Bharatiya Janata Party from the state of Uttar Pradesh. Kalyan Singh was born to Tejpal Singh Lodhi and Sita on 5 January 1932. He has served two terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and was appointed Governor of Rajasthan on 26 August 2014.Kalyan Singh is known for his role in the Babri Masjid demolition. Addressing reporters in Etah, Kalyan Singh once said that he owns full responsibility for the demolition of the 16th-century mosque in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992, thus reigniting the controversial Ram Janmabhoomi dispute.During a speech at the 26th convocation ceremony, he appealed against the word ‘Adhinayak’, saying it should be replaced by 'Mangal'.
Singh first became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh in June 1991. An year later, the controversial Babri Masjid was demolosihed by a large group of protesters and Hindu militants aided by right wing political parties.
According to the chargesheet filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in the Babri Masjid demolition case, just after becoming chief minister, he, with his colleagues, "visited Ayodhya and took a vow to construct Ram temple there itself." In October 1991, his government acquired 2.77 acres (11,200 m2) of land around the "Babri Masjid Complex" under a government notification for the purpose of "promoting tourism". In July 1992, the Sangh Parivar laid the foundation for the proposed Ram temple by digging around the Babri Masjid and filling the area with 10-foot (3.0 m)-thick layer of reinforced cement concrete. Kalyan Singh's government called it a "platform" for performing bhajans while the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) declared it as the foundation for Ram temple.
Kar Seva was supposed to be conducted in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992 and he filed an affidavit in the Supreme Courtthat as the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, he will not allow any damage to the mosque. However, Kar Sevaks demolished Babri mosque on that day. Taking the moral responsibility, he resigned from the post of Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in the evening. Later, Union government dissolved Uttar Pradesh assembly.
He contested assembly elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly in November 1993 from two constituencies, namely Atrauliand Kasganj and won from both. As Samajwadi Party-Bahujan Samaj Party combine formed the government in the state under the chief ministership of Mulayam Singh Yadav, even though the BJP won the most votes and increased its vote share Kalyan Singh served as Leader of Opposition in the assembly.
He later served as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh again between September 1997 and November 1999. This government of his "insisted that all primary classes should begin the day with a worship of Bharat Mata and that Vande Mataramshould substitute 'Yes Sir' during roll call".In February 1998, his government withdrew cases against those who were associated with Ram Janmabhoomi movement and said that a "Ram temple will be constructed at the same site if the Bharatiya Janata Party came to power at the centre". He also promised to create Uttarakhandwithin 90 days if BJP leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister.